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Kadena client

The @kadena/client library provides a TypeScript-based API for interacting with smart contracts and Chainweb nodes on the Kadena network. The library includes modules to help you perform the following types of common tasks:

  • Create commands
  • Sign transactions
  • Submit transactions
  • Query transaction results

If you only need to interact with the coin contract, you can use the functions in the @kadena/client-utils/coin library instead of the @kadena/client library for a simpler API.

Get started with Kadena client

One of the most important features of the Kadena client library is that helps you create command objects with the correct structure. You can then construct and sign transactions to send the command to the blockchain network. After you submit a transaction for processing, you can use the Kadena client to listen for the transaction results.

The following example illustrates the structure of a command object:

typescript
interface ICommand {  cmd: string; // stringified command of <IPactCommand> type  hash: string; // cmd-hash  sigs: Array<{ sig: string } | undefined>; // array of signatures} interface IPactCommand {  payload:    | {        exec: {          code: string;          data: Record<string, unknown>;        };      }    | {        cont: {          pactId: string;          step: number;          rollback: boolean;          data?: Record<string, unknown>;          proof?: string | null;        };      };  meta: {    chainId: ChainId; // "0" to  "19"    sender: string;    gasLimit: number;    gasPrice: number;    ttl: number;    creationTime: number;  };  signers: Array<{    pubKey: string;    address?: string;    scheme?: SignerScheme;    clist?: ICap[];  }>;  verifiers?: Array<{    name: string;    proof: PactValue;    clist?: ICap[];  }>;  networkId: string;  nonce: string;}
typescript
interface ICommand {  cmd: string; // stringified command of <IPactCommand> type  hash: string; // cmd-hash  sigs: Array<{ sig: string } | undefined>; // array of signatures} interface IPactCommand {  payload:    | {        exec: {          code: string;          data: Record<string, unknown>;        };      }    | {        cont: {          pactId: string;          step: number;          rollback: boolean;          data?: Record<string, unknown>;          proof?: string | null;        };      };  meta: {    chainId: ChainId; // "0" to  "19"    sender: string;    gasLimit: number;    gasPrice: number;    ttl: number;    creationTime: number;  };  signers: Array<{    pubKey: string;    address?: string;    scheme?: SignerScheme;    clist?: ICap[];  }>;  verifiers?: Array<{    name: string;    proof: PactValue;    clist?: ICap[];  }>;  networkId: string;  nonce: string;}

If your use case is simple enough that you can create the JSON directly, you don't need to use the functions in the Kadena client library. You can also use some parts of the library, without using everything. If you prefer to learn from code, check out the client-examples.

Install

You can download and install the @kadena/client library with the following command:

bash
npm install @kadena/client
bash
npm install @kadena/client

Import

After you install the library, you can import @kadena/client functions into a TypeScript or JavaScript program with the following statement:

typescript
import { createClient, Pact } from '@kadena/client';
typescript
import { createClient, Pact } from '@kadena/client';

The library also exports functional programming utilities under @kadena/client/fp for more flexibility when using a functional programming approach. To import functional programming utilities, include the following statement in your TypeScript or JavaScript program.

typescript
import { composePactCommand } from '@kadena/client/fp';
typescript
import { composePactCommand } from '@kadena/client/fp';

Calling Pact modules

Interacting with the Kadena blockchain network and Chainweb nodes is mostly a matter of calling smart contract functions. From the client perspective, you need to write Pact code in a string and pass it to the IPactCommand.payload.exec.code interface. Without code completion and validation, writing the Pact code string manually is error-prone and vulnerable to code injection.

To simplify the process, you can use Pact.modules to help you:

  • Write type-safe functions.
  • Perform Pact type conversion.
  • Avoid code injection.

You can skip this part of the client library if your code is just a simple constant string.

Basic usage

Use Pact.modules with the following format:

typescript
import { Pact } from `@kadena/client`; Pact.modules[`${namespace}.${moduleName}`][functionName](...args);
typescript
import { Pact } from `@kadena/client`; Pact.modules[`${namespace}.${moduleName}`][functionName](...args);

Parameters

ParameterTypeDescription
...argsPactValue[]List of arguments.
typescript
// the pseudo code of PactValue typetype PactValue =  | string  | number  | boolean  | Date  | { int: string }  | { decimal: string }  | PactValue[]  | Record<string, PactValue>;
typescript
// the pseudo code of PactValue typetype PactValue =  | string  | number  | boolean  | Date  | { int: string }  | { decimal: string }  | PactValue[]  | Record<string, PactValue>;

Examples

To create the code for the coin.transfer function:

typescript
import { Pact } from `@kadena/client`; const code = Pact.modules.coin.transfer("alice", "bob", { decimal: '1.1' });// code === '(coin.transfer "alice" "bob" 1.1)' 
typescript
import { Pact } from `@kadena/client`; const code = Pact.modules.coin.transfer("alice", "bob", { decimal: '1.1' });// code === '(coin.transfer "alice" "bob" 1.1)' 

To create the code for the free.my-module.my-function function that converts a list, objects, and date to valid Pact code:

typescript
import { Pact } from `@kadena/client`; const code = Pact.modules["free.my-module"].["my-function"](["first", { time: new Date() }]);// code === '(free.my-module.my-function ["first" {"time" : (time "2023-07-20T14:55:11Z")} ])' 
typescript
import { Pact } from `@kadena/client`; const code = Pact.modules["free.my-module"].["my-function"](["first", { time: new Date() }]);// code === '(free.my-module.my-function ["first" {"time" : (time "2023-07-20T14:55:11Z")} ])' 

Create type definitions

You can use @kadena/pactjs-cli to create the type definitions for the Pact module you use. After you generate the type definitions file, the code editor in your development environment should provide code completion for functions and capabilities.

To create a type definition file for the coin contract:

bash
npx @kadena/pactjs-cli contract-generate --contract coin --api https://api.testnet.chainweb.com/chainweb/0.0/testnet04/chain/0/pact;
bash
npx @kadena/pactjs-cli contract-generate --contract coin --api https://api.testnet.chainweb.com/chainweb/0.0/testnet04/chain/0/pact;

Creating commands

As illustrated in Get started with Kadena client, a command is a JSON object with three keys: cmd, hash, and sig. There are two types of commands:

You can create the JSON object without using the Kadena client library. However, using the library and Pact.builder to create the command object simplifies the process.

Pact.builder.execution

You can use Pact.builder to create an execution command object, IPactCommand.payload.exec.code. Most transactions are execution (exec) commands that complete in a single step. Execution commands are also be used for the first step in transactions that are defpact multi-step transactions.

typescript
Pact.builder.execution(...codes): IBuilder
typescript
Pact.builder.execution(...codes): IBuilder
ParameterTypeDescription
...codesstring[]List of input for a function.

Examples

To use strings for the command code:

typescript
const builder: IBuilder = Pact.builder.execution(  `(coin.transfer "alice" "bob" 1.1)`,);
typescript
const builder: IBuilder = Pact.builder.execution(  `(coin.transfer "alice" "bob" 1.1)`,);

To use Pact.modules for the command code:

typescript
const builder: IBuilder = Pact.builder.execution(  Pact.modules.coin.transfer('alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' }),);
typescript
const builder: IBuilder = Pact.builder.execution(  Pact.modules.coin.transfer('alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' }),);

Pact.builder.continuation

You can use Pact.builder to create a continuation command object, IPactCommand.payload.cont, which is the type of transaction used for additional steps of defpact multi-step transactions.

typescript
Pact.builder.continuation(contData): IBuilder
typescript
Pact.builder.continuation(contData): IBuilder
ParameterTypeDescription
contDataobjectContinuation data includes a unique defpact identifier, whether the transactions rolls back a previous transaction, the transaction step that the continuation represents with the first step being step 0, and a simple payment verification proof if one is generated by calling the /spv endpoint.

The contData object consists of the following properties:

json
{     pactId: string,     rollback: boolean,     step: number,     data?: Record<string, any>,     proof?: null \| string} 
json
{     pactId: string,     rollback: boolean,     step: number,     data?: Record<string, any>,     proof?: null \| string} 

Example

The coin.cross-chain function is a defpact multi-step transaction that burns tokens in the source chain and mints tokens in the destination chain. After the first step completes successfully, you can call the second step by using the continuation command object.

typescript
 const builder: IBuilder = Pact.builder.continuation({  pactId,  rollback: false,  step:1,  proof: spvProof}) 
typescript
 const builder: IBuilder = Pact.builder.continuation({  pactId,  rollback: false,  step:1,  proof: spvProof}) 

addSigner

You can use the addSigner method to add public keys and capabilities for a transaction signer to the command. You can call addSigner multiple times to add multiple signers to the transaction. Later, the Chainweb node checks whether all required signers have signed the transaction or not.

typescript
Pact.builder.execution(...codes).addSigner(signerOrSignersList, capabilityCallback): IBuilder
typescript
Pact.builder.execution(...codes).addSigner(signerOrSignersList, capabilityCallback): IBuilder
ParameterTypeDescription
signerstring or object{ pubKey: string; scheme?: 'ED25519'
capabilityCallback(signFor) => ReturnType[]Allows you to scope what the signer is signing for to a specific list of capabilities.

Chainweb supports the following signature schemes for public keys:

  • ED25519
  • WebAuthn
  • ETH

The default signature scheme is ED25519. You can pass just the public key if the signature scheme is ED25519. If the scheme is not ED25519, you must pass a signer object that includes the pubic key and the signature scheme.

Examples

To add a signer public key for a coin contract transfer:

typescript
// ED25519 keyconst alicePublicKey =  'e7f4da07b1d200f6e45aa6492afed6819297a97563859a5f0df9c54f5abd4aab'; Pact.builder  .execution(Pact.modules.coin.transfer('alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' }))  .addSigner(alicePublicKey, (signFor) => [    signFor('coin.TRANSFER', 'alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' }),  ]);
typescript
// ED25519 keyconst alicePublicKey =  'e7f4da07b1d200f6e45aa6492afed6819297a97563859a5f0df9c54f5abd4aab'; Pact.builder  .execution(Pact.modules.coin.transfer('alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' }))  .addSigner(alicePublicKey, (signFor) => [    signFor('coin.TRANSFER', 'alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' }),  ]);

To add a signer that uses the WebAuthn scheme:

typescript
Pact.builder  .execution(Pact.modules.coin.transfer('alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' }))  .addSigner({ pubKey: webAuthnPublicKey, scheme: 'WebAuthn' }, (signFor) => [    signFor('coin.TRANSFER', 'alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' }),  ]);
typescript
Pact.builder  .execution(Pact.modules.coin.transfer('alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' }))  .addSigner({ pubKey: webAuthnPublicKey, scheme: 'WebAuthn' }, (signFor) => [    signFor('coin.TRANSFER', 'alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' }),  ]);

To add a list of signers with no capabilities:

typescript
Pact.builder  .execution('(free.my-module.my-function)')  .addSigner([    'ED25519_publicKey',    { pubKey: 'WebAuthn_publicKey', scheme: 'WebAuthn' },  ]);
typescript
Pact.builder  .execution('(free.my-module.my-function)')  .addSigner([    'ED25519_publicKey',    { pubKey: 'WebAuthn_publicKey', scheme: 'WebAuthn' },  ]);

To add a list of signers with similar capabilities:

typescript
Pact.builder  .execution(Pact.modules.coin.transfer('alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' }))  // e.g., Alice's account is guarded by two keys  .addSigner(['first_publicKey', 'second_publicKey'], (signFor) => [    signFor('coin.TRANSFER', 'alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' }),  ]); const equivalentPactCommand = {  payload: {    exec: {      code: '(coin.transfer "alice" "bob" 1.1 )',      data: {},    },  },  signers: [    {      pubKey: 'first_publicKey',      scheme: 'ED25519',      clist: [        { name: 'coin.TRANSFER', args: ['alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' }] },      ],    },    {      pubKey: 'second_publicKey',      scheme: 'ED25519',      clist: [        { name: 'coin.TRANSFER', args: ['alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' }] },      ],    },  ],};
typescript
Pact.builder  .execution(Pact.modules.coin.transfer('alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' }))  // e.g., Alice's account is guarded by two keys  .addSigner(['first_publicKey', 'second_publicKey'], (signFor) => [    signFor('coin.TRANSFER', 'alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' }),  ]); const equivalentPactCommand = {  payload: {    exec: {      code: '(coin.transfer "alice" "bob" 1.1 )',      data: {},    },  },  signers: [    {      pubKey: 'first_publicKey',      scheme: 'ED25519',      clist: [        { name: 'coin.TRANSFER', args: ['alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' }] },      ],    },    {      pubKey: 'second_publicKey',      scheme: 'ED25519',      clist: [        { name: 'coin.TRANSFER', args: ['alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' }] },      ],    },  ],};

addData

You can use addData to add data to the IPactCommand.payload.exec.data or IPactCommand.payload.cont.data command. This data is readable in the smart contract later. You can also use this data in the code you set in the command.

typescript
Pact.builder  .execution(...codes)  .addData(key, value): IBuilder
typescript
Pact.builder  .execution(...codes)  .addData(key, value): IBuilder
ParameterTypeDescription
keystringThe key associated with the data you're sending.
valuePactValueData that you want to send.

Examples

To transfer with parameters in data:

typescript
Pact.builder  .execution('(coin.transfer (read-string "sender") (read-string "receiver") 1.1)')  .addData("sender", sender)  .addData("receiver", sender): IBuilder
typescript
Pact.builder  .execution('(coin.transfer (read-string "sender") (read-string "receiver") 1.1)')  .addData("sender", sender)  .addData("receiver", sender): IBuilder

To use transfer-create and send the receiver guard:

typescript
Pact.builder  .execution(    '(coin.transfer-create "alice" "bob" (read-keyset "bob-guard") 1.1)',  )  .addData('bob-guard', {    keys: ['bob-public-key'],    pred: 'keys-all',  });
typescript
Pact.builder  .execution(    '(coin.transfer-create "alice" "bob" (read-keyset "bob-guard") 1.1)',  )  .addData('bob-guard', {    keys: ['bob-public-key'],    pred: 'keys-all',  });

addKeyset

Because keysets are often included as data in commands, you can use the addKeyset method as an alternative to the addData method to add a keyset to a command.

typescript
Pact.builder  .execution(...codes)  .addKeyset(name, pred, ...keys): IBuilder
typescript
Pact.builder  .execution(...codes)  .addKeyset(name, pred, ...keys): IBuilder
ParameterTypeDescription
namestringThe name associated with the keyset.
pred"keys-all""keys-2"
...keys...string[]List of public keys in the keyset.

Examples

To use readKeyset and addKeyset helper functions with transfer-create:

typescript
Pact.builder  .execution(    Pact.modules.coin['transfer-create'](      'alice',      'bob',      readKeyset('bob-guard'),      { decimal: '1.1' },    ),  )  .addKeyset('bob-guard', 'keys-all', 'bob-public-key');
typescript
Pact.builder  .execution(    Pact.modules.coin['transfer-create'](      'alice',      'bob',      readKeyset('bob-guard'),      { decimal: '1.1' },    ),  )  .addKeyset('bob-guard', 'keys-all', 'bob-public-key');

To use transfer-create as string code:

typescript
Pact.builder  .execution(    '(coin.transfer-create "alice" "bob" (readKeyset "bob-guard") 1.1)',  )  .addKeyset('bob-guard', 'keys-all', 'bob-public-key');
typescript
Pact.builder  .execution(    '(coin.transfer-create "alice" "bob" (readKeyset "bob-guard") 1.1)',  )  .addKeyset('bob-guard', 'keys-all', 'bob-public-key');

setMeta

You can use setMeta to add metadata to a command.

typescript
Pact.builder  .execution(...codes)  .setMeta(meta): IBuilder
typescript
Pact.builder  .execution(...codes)  .setMeta(meta): IBuilder
ParameterTypeDescription
meta{ chainId: ChainId, senderAccount: string, gasLimit: number, gasPrice: number, ttl: number, creationTime: number }Add a metadata object to the command.

The meta object consists of the following properties:

PropertyTypeDefault valueDescription
chainId"0" to "19"undefinedChain identifier for the chain. Valid values are from 0 to 19.
senderAccountstringundefinedThe account address that you want to pay transaction fees from.
gasLimitnumber2500Maximum units of gas that you want to allow to be deducted when running the transaction.
gasPricenumber1.0e-8Price of each gas unit based on KDA (e.g., 0.0000001).
ttlnumber28800Time-to-live (ttl) for the transaction to be valid in seconds. The default value is 8 hours.
creationTimenumberDate.now() / 1000Transaction creation time in seconds.

Examples

typescript
Pact.builder  .execution('(coin.transfer "alice" "bob" 1.1)')  // "bob is paying gas fee"  .setMeta({ chainId: "02", senderAccount: "bob" }): IBuilder;
typescript
Pact.builder  .execution('(coin.transfer "alice" "bob" 1.1)')  // "bob is paying gas fee"  .setMeta({ chainId: "02", senderAccount: "bob" }): IBuilder;

setNonce

You can use setNonce function to set IPactCommand.nonce to a custom nonce for the transaction. Otherwise, the nonce is set using the kjs:${timestamp} function.

typescript
Pact.builder.execution(code).setNonce(nonce): IBuilder
typescript
Pact.builder.execution(code).setNonce(nonce): IBuilder
ParameterTypeDescription
noncestringCustom nonce for the transaction.

Examples

typescript
Pact.builder  .execution('(coin.transfer "alice" "bob" 1.1)')  // "bob is paying gas fee"  .setNonce("a-custom-nonce"): IBuilder;
typescript
Pact.builder  .execution('(coin.transfer "alice" "bob" 1.1)')  // "bob is paying gas fee"  .setNonce("a-custom-nonce"): IBuilder;

setNetworkId

You can use setNetworkId to set IPactCommand.network to specify the network for the transaction.

typescript
Pact.builder.execution(code).setNetworkId(networkId): IBuilder
typescript
Pact.builder.execution(code).setNetworkId(networkId): IBuilder
ParameterTypeDescription
networkIdstringNetwork identifier, for example, "mainnet01" or "testnet04".

Examples

typescript
Pact.builder  .execution('(coin.transfer "alice" "bob" 1.1)')  // "bob is paying gas fee"  .setNetworkId("testnet04"): IBuilder;
typescript
Pact.builder  .execution('(coin.transfer "alice" "bob" 1.1)')  // "bob is paying gas fee"  .setNetworkId("testnet04"): IBuilder;

Creating transactions

After you set all parts of the command, you can create the transaction object by calling the createTransaction method. This method adds all of the default values to the command, converts cmd to a string, and adds the hash. You must add signatures to the transaction object using a wallet to submit the transaction to the blockchain. For information about adding signatures from a wallet, see Signing transactions.

typescript
const transaction: IUnsignedCommand = Pact.builder  .execution(code)  .createTransaction(); // : { cmd:"stringified-command" , hash:"command-hash" , sig: [] };
typescript
const transaction: IUnsignedCommand = Pact.builder  .execution(code)  .createTransaction(); // : { cmd:"stringified-command" , hash:"command-hash" , sig: [] };

Examples

typescript
const transaction = Pact.builder  .execution(Pact.modules.coin.transfer(senderAccount, receiverAccount, amount))  .addSigner(senderKey, (signFor) => [    signFor('coin.GAS'),    signFor('coin.TRANSFER', senderAccount, receiverAccount, amount),  ])  .setMeta({ chainId: '0', senderAccount })  .setNetworkId(NETWORK_ID)  .createTransaction(); const output = {  cmd: '{"payload":{"exec":{"code":"(coin.transfer \\"k:dc20ab800b0420be9b1075c97e80b104b073b0405b5e2b78afd29dd74aaf5e46\\" \\"k:2f48080efe54e6eb670487f664bcaac7684b4ebfcfc8a3330ef080c9c97f7e11\\" 1.0)","data":{}}},"nonce":"kjs:nonce:1711376792115","signers":[{"pubKey":"dc20ab800b0420be9b1075c97e80b104b073b0405b5e2b78afd29dd74aaf5e46","scheme":"ED25519","clist":[{"name":"coin.GAS","args":[]},{"name":"coin.TRANSFER","args":["k:dc20ab800b0420be9b1075c97e80b104b073b0405b5e2b78afd29dd74aaf5e46","k:2f48080efe54e6eb670487f664bcaac7684b4ebfcfc8a3330ef080c9c97f7e11",{"decimal":"1"}]}]}],"meta":{"gasLimit":2500,"gasPrice":1e-8,"sender":"k:dc20ab800b0420be9b1075c97e80b104b073b0405b5e2b78afd29dd74aaf5e46","ttl":28800,"creationTime":1711376792,"chainId":"0"},"networkId":"testnet04"}',  hash: 'xYePm_YgO6-T9yIlCZWzOt2s4CkZcQwqWx9Iu5tVSLI',  sigs: [undefined],};
typescript
const transaction = Pact.builder  .execution(Pact.modules.coin.transfer(senderAccount, receiverAccount, amount))  .addSigner(senderKey, (signFor) => [    signFor('coin.GAS'),    signFor('coin.TRANSFER', senderAccount, receiverAccount, amount),  ])  .setMeta({ chainId: '0', senderAccount })  .setNetworkId(NETWORK_ID)  .createTransaction(); const output = {  cmd: '{"payload":{"exec":{"code":"(coin.transfer \\"k:dc20ab800b0420be9b1075c97e80b104b073b0405b5e2b78afd29dd74aaf5e46\\" \\"k:2f48080efe54e6eb670487f664bcaac7684b4ebfcfc8a3330ef080c9c97f7e11\\" 1.0)","data":{}}},"nonce":"kjs:nonce:1711376792115","signers":[{"pubKey":"dc20ab800b0420be9b1075c97e80b104b073b0405b5e2b78afd29dd74aaf5e46","scheme":"ED25519","clist":[{"name":"coin.GAS","args":[]},{"name":"coin.TRANSFER","args":["k:dc20ab800b0420be9b1075c97e80b104b073b0405b5e2b78afd29dd74aaf5e46","k:2f48080efe54e6eb670487f664bcaac7684b4ebfcfc8a3330ef080c9c97f7e11",{"decimal":"1"}]}]}],"meta":{"gasLimit":2500,"gasPrice":1e-8,"sender":"k:dc20ab800b0420be9b1075c97e80b104b073b0405b5e2b78afd29dd74aaf5e46","ttl":28800,"creationTime":1711376792,"chainId":"0"},"networkId":"testnet04"}',  hash: 'xYePm_YgO6-T9yIlCZWzOt2s4CkZcQwqWx9Iu5tVSLI',  sigs: [undefined],};

getCommand

If you prefer to have the non-stringified version of the command, you can use getCommand.

typescript
const transaction: IPactCommand = Pact.builder.execution(code).getCommand();
typescript
const transaction: IPactCommand = Pact.builder.execution(code).getCommand();

Examples

typescript
const command = Pact.builder  .execution(Pact.modules.coin.transfer(senderAccount, receiverAccount, amount))  .addSigner(senderKey, (signFor) => [    signFor('coin.GAS'),    signFor('coin.TRANSFER', senderAccount, receiverAccount, amount),  ])  .setMeta({ chainId: '0', senderAccount })  .setNetworkId(NETWORK_ID)  .getCommand(); const output = {  payload: {    exec: {      code: '(coin.transfer "k:dc20ab800b0420be9b1075c97e80b104b073b0405b5e2b78afd29dd74aaf5e46" "k:2f48080efe54e6eb670487f664bcaac7684b4ebfcfc8a3330ef080c9c97f7e11" 1.0)',      data: {},    },  },  nonce: 'kjs:nonce:1711448853909',  signers: [    {      pubKey:        'dc20ab800b0420be9b1075c97e80b104b073b0405b5e2b78afd29dd74aaf5e46',      scheme: 'ED25519',      clist: [        { name: 'coin.GAS', args: [] },        {          name: 'coin.TRANSFER',          args: [            'k:dc20ab800b0420be9b1075c97e80b104b073b0405b5e2b78afd29dd74aaf5e46',            'k:2f48080efe54e6eb670487f664bcaac7684b4ebfcfc8a3330ef080c9c97f7e11',            { decimal: '1' },          ],        },      ],    },  ],  meta: {    gasLimit: 2500,    gasPrice: 1e-8,    sender:      'k:dc20ab800b0420be9b1075c97e80b104b073b0405b5e2b78afd29dd74aaf5e46',    ttl: 28800,    creationTime: 1711448853,    chainId: '0',  },  networkId: 'testnet04',};
typescript
const command = Pact.builder  .execution(Pact.modules.coin.transfer(senderAccount, receiverAccount, amount))  .addSigner(senderKey, (signFor) => [    signFor('coin.GAS'),    signFor('coin.TRANSFER', senderAccount, receiverAccount, amount),  ])  .setMeta({ chainId: '0', senderAccount })  .setNetworkId(NETWORK_ID)  .getCommand(); const output = {  payload: {    exec: {      code: '(coin.transfer "k:dc20ab800b0420be9b1075c97e80b104b073b0405b5e2b78afd29dd74aaf5e46" "k:2f48080efe54e6eb670487f664bcaac7684b4ebfcfc8a3330ef080c9c97f7e11" 1.0)',      data: {},    },  },  nonce: 'kjs:nonce:1711448853909',  signers: [    {      pubKey:        'dc20ab800b0420be9b1075c97e80b104b073b0405b5e2b78afd29dd74aaf5e46',      scheme: 'ED25519',      clist: [        { name: 'coin.GAS', args: [] },        {          name: 'coin.TRANSFER',          args: [            'k:dc20ab800b0420be9b1075c97e80b104b073b0405b5e2b78afd29dd74aaf5e46',            'k:2f48080efe54e6eb670487f664bcaac7684b4ebfcfc8a3330ef080c9c97f7e11',            { decimal: '1' },          ],        },      ],    },  ],  meta: {    gasLimit: 2500,    gasPrice: 1e-8,    sender:      'k:dc20ab800b0420be9b1075c97e80b104b073b0405b5e2b78afd29dd74aaf5e46',    ttl: 28800,    creationTime: 1711448853,    chainId: '0',  },  networkId: 'testnet04',};

initialPactCommand

If you find yourself repeating certain parts of methods for different commands, you can create your own command builder by using the createTransactionBuilder function. This function allows you to set all of the default values once and then reuse them in createTransaction.

ParameterTypeDescription
initialPartialThe initial Pact command values that you want to reuse.
typescript
const builder: ITransactionBuilder =  createTransactionBuilder(initialPactCommand);
typescript
const builder: ITransactionBuilder =  createTransactionBuilder(initialPactCommand);

Examples

To create a transaction builder with network and chain already set:

typescript
// Pre-configure the builderexport const txBuilder = createTransactionBuilder({ networkId: "mainnet01", meta: { chainId: "1" } }); // Then somewhere in the code const command = txBuilder    .execution(Pact.modules.coin.transfer(senderAccount, receiverAccount, amount))    .addSigner(senderKey, (signFor) => [      signFor('coin.GAS'),      signFor('coin.TRANSFER', senderAccount, receiverAccount, amount),    ])    .setMeta({ senderAccount }) const output = const output = {  payload: {    exec: {      code: '(coin.transfer "k:dc20ab800b0420be9b1075c97e80b104b073b0405b5e2b78afd29dd74aaf5e46" "k:2f48080efe54e6eb670487f664bcaac7684b4ebfcfc8a3330ef080c9c97f7e11" 1.0)',      data: {},    },  },  nonce: 'kjs:nonce:1711448853909',  signers: [    {      pubKey:        'dc20ab800b0420be9b1075c97e80b104b073b0405b5e2b78afd29dd74aaf5e46',      scheme: 'ED25519',      clist: [        { name: 'coin.GAS', args: [] },        {          name: 'coin.TRANSFER',          args: [            'k:dc20ab800b0420be9b1075c97e80b104b073b0405b5e2b78afd29dd74aaf5e46',            'k:2f48080efe54e6eb670487f664bcaac7684b4ebfcfc8a3330ef080c9c97f7e11',            { decimal: '1' },          ],        },      ],    },  ],  meta: {    gasLimit: 2500,    gasPrice: 1e-8,    sender:      'k:dc20ab800b0420be9b1075c97e80b104b073b0405b5e2b78afd29dd74aaf5e46',    ttl: 28800,    creationTime: 1711448853,    // Default value    chainId: '1',  },  // Default value  networkId: 'mainnet01',}; 
typescript
// Pre-configure the builderexport const txBuilder = createTransactionBuilder({ networkId: "mainnet01", meta: { chainId: "1" } }); // Then somewhere in the code const command = txBuilder    .execution(Pact.modules.coin.transfer(senderAccount, receiverAccount, amount))    .addSigner(senderKey, (signFor) => [      signFor('coin.GAS'),      signFor('coin.TRANSFER', senderAccount, receiverAccount, amount),    ])    .setMeta({ senderAccount }) const output = const output = {  payload: {    exec: {      code: '(coin.transfer "k:dc20ab800b0420be9b1075c97e80b104b073b0405b5e2b78afd29dd74aaf5e46" "k:2f48080efe54e6eb670487f664bcaac7684b4ebfcfc8a3330ef080c9c97f7e11" 1.0)',      data: {},    },  },  nonce: 'kjs:nonce:1711448853909',  signers: [    {      pubKey:        'dc20ab800b0420be9b1075c97e80b104b073b0405b5e2b78afd29dd74aaf5e46',      scheme: 'ED25519',      clist: [        { name: 'coin.GAS', args: [] },        {          name: 'coin.TRANSFER',          args: [            'k:dc20ab800b0420be9b1075c97e80b104b073b0405b5e2b78afd29dd74aaf5e46',            'k:2f48080efe54e6eb670487f664bcaac7684b4ebfcfc8a3330ef080c9c97f7e11',            { decimal: '1' },          ],        },      ],    },  ],  meta: {    gasLimit: 2500,    gasPrice: 1e-8,    sender:      'k:dc20ab800b0420be9b1075c97e80b104b073b0405b5e2b78afd29dd74aaf5e46',    ttl: 28800,    creationTime: 1711448853,    // Default value    chainId: '1',  },  // Default value  networkId: 'mainnet01',}; 

Signing transactions

After creating the command, you need to sign it using the appropriate private keys. The signing process is usually managed with a wallet. Kadena has two protocols for signing transactions, each serving different purposes:

  • Sign API: This API allows users to send their sign requests to the wallet. The wallet is then responsible for creating and signing the transaction simultaneously. With this approach, the wallet has more freedom, making it more suitable for simple transactions.

  • Quicksign: This API is designed to give dApps full control over the command, with the wallet only responsible for adding signatures. This is the recommended method if you are using the command builder from this library.

Wallets typically have their own API for communicating with applications. You can use the API provided by the wallet, or, depending on the wallet, use one of the wallet-specific wrapper functions for convenience.

Sign function interface

The sign function can be used two ways: If you pass a single transaction to the function, it returns the single signed (or partially signed) transaction. If you pass a list of transactions to the function, it returns the list of signed (or partially signed) transactions.

typescript
interface ISignFunction {  (transaction: IUnsignedCommand): Promise<ICommand | IUnsignedCommand>;  (    transactionList: IUnsignedCommand[],  ): Promise<Array<ICommand | IUnsignedCommand>>;}
typescript
interface ISignFunction {  (transaction: IUnsignedCommand): Promise<ICommand | IUnsignedCommand>;  (    transactionList: IUnsignedCommand[],  ): Promise<Array<ICommand | IUnsignedCommand>>;}

Single transaction

ParameterTypeDescription
txIUnsignedCommandThe transaction to be signed.

List of transactions

ParameterTypeDescription
tsListIUnsignedCommand[]List of the transactions to be signed.

Chainweaver

You can use createSignWithChainweaver to sign a transaction using Chainweaver. It's a factory function that returns the actual sign function.

This function uses the quicksign protocol.

typescript
createSignWithChainweaver(options:{ host?: string }): ISignFunction
typescript
createSignWithChainweaver(options:{ host?: string }): ISignFunction
ParameterTypeDescription
option{ host?: string }option including host URL default { host: 'http://127.0.0.1:9467' }

Examples

To sign one transaction using Chainweaver:

typescript
const signWithChainweaver = createSignWithChainweaver(); const transaction = Pact.builder  .execution(Pact.modules.coin.transfer(senderAccount, receiverAccount, amount))  .addSigner(senderKey, (signFor) => [    signFor('coin.GAS'),    signFor('coin.TRANSFER', senderAccount, receiverAccount, amount),  ])  .setMeta({ chainId: '0', senderAccount })  .setNetworkId(NETWORK_ID)  .createTransaction(); const signedTx = signWithChainweaver(transaction);
typescript
const signWithChainweaver = createSignWithChainweaver(); const transaction = Pact.builder  .execution(Pact.modules.coin.transfer(senderAccount, receiverAccount, amount))  .addSigner(senderKey, (signFor) => [    signFor('coin.GAS'),    signFor('coin.TRANSFER', senderAccount, receiverAccount, amount),  ])  .setMeta({ chainId: '0', senderAccount })  .setNetworkId(NETWORK_ID)  .createTransaction(); const signedTx = signWithChainweaver(transaction);

To sign two transactions using Chainweaver:

typescript
const signWithChainweaver = createSignWithChainweaver(); const [txOneSigned, txTwoSigned] = signWithChainweaver([txOne, txTwo]);
typescript
const signWithChainweaver = createSignWithChainweaver(); const [txOneSigned, txTwoSigned] = signWithChainweaver([txOne, txTwo]);

WalletConnect

The WalletConnect protocol and helper functions are based on KIP-017. You must use the WalletConnect protocol to create a walletConnect client and session before you can use the helper functions to sign transactions.

Wallet Connect sign method

The createWalletConnectSign function returns the sign function using the sign protocol.

The return object might contain different data than what you would pass from the transaction builder because the sign protocol lets the wallet create the transaction.

typescript
createWalletConnectSign(client, session, walletConnectChainId): (transaction: IUnsignedCommand): Promise<ICommand | IUnsignedCommand>
typescript
createWalletConnectSign(client, session, walletConnectChainId): (transaction: IUnsignedCommand): Promise<ICommand | IUnsignedCommand>

| Parameter | Type | Description | | --------- - | ---- | ----------- | | client | Client | The wallet-connect client object. | | session | SessionTypes.Struct | The wallet-connect session object. | | networkId | string | The network identifier, for example, mainnet01 or testnet04. The identifier can include the kadena: prefix, for example, kadena:mainnet01. |

Examples
typescript
const signWithWalletConnect = createWalletConnectSign(  client,  session,  'mainnet01',); const signedTx = signWithWalletConnect(tx);
typescript
const signWithWalletConnect = createWalletConnectSign(  client,  session,  'mainnet01',); const signedTx = signWithWalletConnect(tx);

Wallet Connect quicksign method

The createWalletConnectQuicksign function returns the sign function using thequicksign protocol.

typescript
createWalletConnectQuicksign(client, session, walletConnectChainId): ISignFunction
typescript
createWalletConnectQuicksign(client, session, walletConnectChainId): ISignFunction
ParameterTypeDescription
clientClientThe wallet-connect client object.
sessionSessionTypes.StructThe wallet-connect session object.
networkIdstringThe network identifier, for example, mainnet01 or testnet04. The identifier can include the kadena: prefix, for example, kadena:mainnet01.
Examples
typescript
const quicksignWithWalletConnect = createWalletConnectQuicksign(  client,  session,  'mainnet01',); const signedTx = quicksignWithWalletConnect(tx);
typescript
const quicksignWithWalletConnect = createWalletConnectQuicksign(  client,  session,  'mainnet01',); const signedTx = quicksignWithWalletConnect(tx);

EckoWallet

The following functions provide the sign and quicksign protocols for EckoWallet to return a sign function and other properties:

typescript
const { isInstalled, isConnected, connect } = createEckoWalletSign();const { isInstalled, isConnected, connect } = createEckoWalletQuicksign();
typescript
const { isInstalled, isConnected, connect } = createEckoWalletSign();const { isInstalled, isConnected, connect } = createEckoWalletQuicksign();

isInstalled

You can use isInstalled to check if the EckoWallet extension is installed in the browser.

typescript
isInstalled(): boolean
typescript
isInstalled(): boolean

isConnected

You can use isConnected to check if the application is already connected to EckoWallet.

typescript
isConnected(): Promise<boolean>
typescript
isConnected(): Promise<boolean>

connect

You can use connect to send a connection request to EckoWallet.

typescript
connect(networkId: string): Promise<boolean>
typescript
connect(networkId: string): Promise<boolean>

createEckoWalletSign

The createEckoWalletSign function uses the sign protocol to communicate with EckoWallet. The return object might contain different data than what you would pass from the transaction builder because the sign protocol lets the wallet create the transaction.

typescript
createEckoWalletSign(options:{ host?: string }): (transaction: IUnsignedCommand): Promise<ICommand | IUnsignedCommand>
typescript
createEckoWalletSign(options:{ host?: string }): (transaction: IUnsignedCommand): Promise<ICommand | IUnsignedCommand>
Examples

To sign a transaction using EckoWallet:

typescript
const signWithEckoWallet = createEckoWalletSign(); // the wallet will create the completed oneconst partialTx = Pact.builder  .execution(Pact.modules.coin.transfer(senderAccount, receiverAccount, amount))  .addSigner(senderKey, (signFor) => [    signFor('coin.GAS'),    signFor('coin.TRANSFER', senderAccount, receiverAccount, amount),  ])  .setMeta({ chainId: '0' })  .setNetworkId(NETWORK_ID)  .createTransaction(); const signedTx = signWithEckoWallet(partialTx);
typescript
const signWithEckoWallet = createEckoWalletSign(); // the wallet will create the completed oneconst partialTx = Pact.builder  .execution(Pact.modules.coin.transfer(senderAccount, receiverAccount, amount))  .addSigner(senderKey, (signFor) => [    signFor('coin.GAS'),    signFor('coin.TRANSFER', senderAccount, receiverAccount, amount),  ])  .setMeta({ chainId: '0' })  .setNetworkId(NETWORK_ID)  .createTransaction(); const signedTx = signWithEckoWallet(partialTx);

createEckoWalletQuicksign

The createEckoWalletQuicksign function uses the quicksign protocol to communicate with EckoWallet.

typescript
createEckoWalletQuicksign(options:{ host?: string }): ISignFunction
typescript
createEckoWalletQuicksign(options:{ host?: string }): ISignFunction
Examples

To sign one transaction using the quicksign protocol and EckoWallet:

typescript
const quicksignWithEckoWallet = createEckoWalletQuicksign(); const tx = Pact.builder  .execution(Pact.modules.coin.transfer(senderAccount, receiverAccount, amount))  .addSigner(senderKey, (signFor) => [    signFor('coin.GAS'),    signFor('coin.TRANSFER', senderAccount, receiverAccount, amount),  ])  .setMeta({ chainId: '0', senderAccount })  .setNetworkId(NETWORK_ID)  .createTransaction(); const signedTx = quicksignWithEckoWallet(partialTx);
typescript
const quicksignWithEckoWallet = createEckoWalletQuicksign(); const tx = Pact.builder  .execution(Pact.modules.coin.transfer(senderAccount, receiverAccount, amount))  .addSigner(senderKey, (signFor) => [    signFor('coin.GAS'),    signFor('coin.TRANSFER', senderAccount, receiverAccount, amount),  ])  .setMeta({ chainId: '0', senderAccount })  .setNetworkId(NETWORK_ID)  .createTransaction(); const signedTx = quicksignWithEckoWallet(partialTx);

To sign two transactions using the quicksign protocol and EckoWallet:

typescript
const quicksignWithEckoWallet = createEckoWalletQuicksign(); const [txOneSigned, txTwoSigned] = quicksignWithEckoWallet([txOne, txTwo]);
typescript
const quicksignWithEckoWallet = createEckoWalletQuicksign(); const [txOneSigned, txTwoSigned] = quicksignWithEckoWallet([txOne, txTwo]);

Sign with a public and secret key pair

If you have a secret key in a safe environment—for example, a server environment or CI test pipeline—you can sign transactions with the createSignWithKeypair function to returns the sign function.

The IKeyPair interface is defined as followis:

typescript
interface IKeyPair {  publicKey: string;  secretKey: string;}
typescript
interface IKeyPair {  publicKey: string;  secretKey: string;}
typescript
createSignWithKeypair(keyOrKeys:IKeyPair | IKeyPair[]): ISignFunction
typescript
createSignWithKeypair(keyOrKeys:IKeyPair | IKeyPair[]): ISignFunction

Examples

To sign with one key pair:

typescript
const signWithKeypair = createSignWithKeypair({ publicKey, secretKey }); const signedTx = signWithKeypair(tx);
typescript
const signWithKeypair = createSignWithKeypair({ publicKey, secretKey }); const signedTx = signWithKeypair(tx);

To sign with several key pairs:

typescript
const signWithKeypair = createSignWithKeypair([firstKeyPair, secondKeyPair]); const signedTx = signWithKeypair(tx);
typescript
const signWithKeypair = createSignWithKeypair([firstKeyPair, secondKeyPair]); const signedTx = signWithKeypair(tx);

addSignatures

If you already have the signature for a transaction, you can use the addSignatures function to add the signature to the transaction.

All signatures you add should either include a public key, or none of them should. If the signatures don't include the public keys, then the number of signatures must match the number of signers, and the signatures are matched based on their order.

typescript
addSignatures(transaction, ...signatures): IUnsignedCommand | ICommand
typescript
addSignatures(transaction, ...signatures): IUnsignedCommand | ICommand
ParameterTypeDescription
transactionIUnsignedCommandThe partially signed or unsigned transaction.
...signaturesArray<{ sig: string; pubKey: string }>Array<{ sig: string }>

Examples

To add a signature manually with a public key:

typescript
const signedTx = addSignatures(partiallySignedTx, {  sig: 'signature-str',  pubKey: 'publicKey',});
typescript
const signedTx = addSignatures(partiallySignedTx, {  sig: 'signature-str',  pubKey: 'publicKey',});

To add a signature based on the signer order:

typescript
const signedTx = addSignatures(  twoSignersTx,  { sigOne: 'signature-str' },  { sigTwo: 'signature-str' },);
typescript
const signedTx = addSignatures(  twoSignersTx,  { sigOne: 'signature-str' },  { sigTwo: 'signature-str' },);

Communicating with the network

Kadena exposes endpoints for communicating with Chainweb nodes through the [Pact REST API}(https://api.chainweb.com/openapi/pact.html). You can use any REST client to call these endpoints. However, the Kadena client library also provides functions to make these call more convenient for frontend frameworks.

createClient

To use the helper functions for communicating with Chainweb nodes, you must first use the createClient function to return the IClient interface.

typescript
createClient(  host?: string | (options: {chainId: ChainId; networkId: string}) => string,  options?: { confirmationDepth?: number }): IClient interface IClient {  getStatus: (transactionDescriptors: ITransactionDescriptor[] | ITransactionDescriptor) => Promise<IPollResponse>;  submit: {    (transaction: ICommand): Promise<ITransactionDescriptor>;    (transactionList: ICommand[]): Promise<ITransactionDescriptor[]>;  }  send: {    (transaction: ICommand): Promise<ITransactionDescriptor>;    (transactionList: ICommand[]): Promise<ITransactionDescriptor[]>;  }  submitOne: (transaction: ICommand) => Promise<ITransactionDescriptor>;  listen: (transactionDescriptor: ITransactionDescriptor) => Promise<ICommandResult>;  pollOne: (transactionDescriptor: ITransactionDescriptor) => Promise<ICommandResult>;  pollStatus: (transactionDescriptors: ITransactionDescriptor[] | ITransactionDescriptor, options?: IPollOptions) => IPollRequestPromise<ICommandResult>;  getPoll: (transactionDescriptors: ITransactionDescriptor[] | ITransactionDescriptor) => Promise<IPollResponse>;  local: <T extends ILocalOptions>(transaction: LocalRequestBody, options?: T) => Promise<LocalResponse<T>>;  dirtyRead: (transaction: IUnsignedCommand) => Promise<ICommandResult>;  preflight: (transaction: ICommand | IUnsignedCommand) => Promise<ILocalCommandResult>;  signatureVerification: (transaction: ICommand) => Promise<ICommandResult>;  runPact: (code: string, data: Record<string, unknown>, option: INetworkOptions) => Promise<ICommandResult>;  createSpv: (transactionDescriptor: ITransactionDescriptor, targetChainId: ChainId) => Promise<string>;  pollCreateSpv: (transactionDescriptor: ITransactionDescriptor, targetChainId: ChainId, options?: IPollOptions) => Promise<string>;}
typescript
createClient(  host?: string | (options: {chainId: ChainId; networkId: string}) => string,  options?: { confirmationDepth?: number }): IClient interface IClient {  getStatus: (transactionDescriptors: ITransactionDescriptor[] | ITransactionDescriptor) => Promise<IPollResponse>;  submit: {    (transaction: ICommand): Promise<ITransactionDescriptor>;    (transactionList: ICommand[]): Promise<ITransactionDescriptor[]>;  }  send: {    (transaction: ICommand): Promise<ITransactionDescriptor>;    (transactionList: ICommand[]): Promise<ITransactionDescriptor[]>;  }  submitOne: (transaction: ICommand) => Promise<ITransactionDescriptor>;  listen: (transactionDescriptor: ITransactionDescriptor) => Promise<ICommandResult>;  pollOne: (transactionDescriptor: ITransactionDescriptor) => Promise<ICommandResult>;  pollStatus: (transactionDescriptors: ITransactionDescriptor[] | ITransactionDescriptor, options?: IPollOptions) => IPollRequestPromise<ICommandResult>;  getPoll: (transactionDescriptors: ITransactionDescriptor[] | ITransactionDescriptor) => Promise<IPollResponse>;  local: <T extends ILocalOptions>(transaction: LocalRequestBody, options?: T) => Promise<LocalResponse<T>>;  dirtyRead: (transaction: IUnsignedCommand) => Promise<ICommandResult>;  preflight: (transaction: ICommand | IUnsignedCommand) => Promise<ILocalCommandResult>;  signatureVerification: (transaction: ICommand) => Promise<ICommandResult>;  runPact: (code: string, data: Record<string, unknown>, option: INetworkOptions) => Promise<ICommandResult>;  createSpv: (transactionDescriptor: ITransactionDescriptor, targetChainId: ChainId) => Promise<string>;  pollCreateSpv: (transactionDescriptor: ITransactionDescriptor, targetChainId: ChainId, options?: IPollOptions) => Promise<string>;}

You can use object destructuring to extract specific functions.

typescript
const { submit, local, pollCreateSpv } = createClient();
typescript
const { submit, local, pollCreateSpv } = createClient();
ParameterTypeDescription
hoststring(options: {chainId: ChainId; networkId: string}) => string
options{ confirmationDepth?: number }Additional options for the client. It has only one property now: confirmationDepth, which can be used in the poll endpoint. Default value is 0.

Both host and options are optional. The default value of host is a function that returns the Chainweb node URLs for mainnet and testnet. If you want to use different URLs, you must specify the host parameter.

The networkId and chainId parameters are read from the command object and passed to the URL generator function.

Examples

To create a client for the development network and a specific chain identifier (1):

typescript
const client = createClient("http://127.0.0.1:8080/chainweb/0.0/development/chain/1/pact");
typescript
const client = createClient("http://127.0.0.1:8080/chainweb/0.0/development/chain/1/pact");

To create a client for the development network that covers multi-chain and uses the URL generator function for more flexibility:

typescript
const devNetClient = createClient(({chainId, networkId})=>   `http://127.0.0.1:8080/chainweb/0.0/${networkId}/chain/${chainId ?? '1'}/pact`);
typescript
const devNetClient = createClient(({chainId, networkId})=>   `http://127.0.0.1:8080/chainweb/0.0/${networkId}/chain/${chainId ?? '1'}/pact`);

To create a client that uses mainnet but not Kadena main network nodes:

typescript
const client = createClient(({ chainId, networkId }) => {  switch (networkId) {    case 'mainnet01':      return `http://my-node-url/chainweb/0.0/${networkId}/chain/{${chainId}}/pact`;    case 'testnet04':      return `http://my-test-node-url/chainweb/0.0/${networkId}/chain/{${chainId}}/pact`;    default:      throw new Error('UNKNOWN_NETWORK');  }});
typescript
const client = createClient(({ chainId, networkId }) => {  switch (networkId) {    case 'mainnet01':      return `http://my-node-url/chainweb/0.0/${networkId}/chain/{${chainId}}/pact`;    case 'testnet04':      return `http://my-test-node-url/chainweb/0.0/${networkId}/chain/{${chainId}}/pact`;    default:      throw new Error('UNKNOWN_NETWORK');  }});

To create a client with a confirmationDepth of 5 that waits for five new blocks to be added to the chain before reading the result of a transaction:

typescript
const { submit, pollStatus } = createClient(undefined, { confirmationDepth: 5 });
typescript
const { submit, pollStatus } = createClient(undefined, { confirmationDepth: 5 });

Submitting transactions

You can use the submit or submitOne functions to submit data to the blockchain. These functions use the Pact /send endpoint.

The client send function is a deprecated alias for the submit function with the same interface. To submit one transaction using the submit function:

typescript
const { submit } = createClient(); submit(tx): Promise<ITransactionDescriptor>; interface ITransactionDescriptor {  networkId: string;  chainId: ChainId;  requestKey: string} 
typescript
const { submit } = createClient(); submit(tx): Promise<ITransactionDescriptor>; interface ITransactionDescriptor {  networkId: string;  chainId: ChainId;  requestKey: string} 
ParameterTypeDescription
txICommandThe command object ready to submit.

To submit a list of transactions using the submit function:

typescript
const { submit } = createClient(); submit(txList): Promise<ITransactionDescriptor[]>;
typescript
const { submit } = createClient(); submit(txList): Promise<ITransactionDescriptor[]>;
ParameterTypeDescription
txListICommand[]List of command objects ready to submit.

In most cases, you should store the result of this function so you can fetch the result of the request.

The submitOne function is the same as submitting one transaction using the submit function. For example:

typescript
const { submitOne } = createClient(); submitOne(tx): Promise<ITransactionDescriptor>;
typescript
const { submitOne } = createClient(); submitOne(tx): Promise<ITransactionDescriptor>;
ParameterTypeDescription
txICommandThe command object ready to submit.

Getting transaction results

After you submit a transaction, you need to query for the result using a request key. You can query transaction results by calling the /listen or /poll endpoint.

  • The /listen endpoint is a blocking request. It only accepts one request key and returns the results when the transaction result is ready. If you use this endpoint, the HTTP request remains open for a while.
  • The/poll endpoint accepts a list of request keys and responds immediately with the current status of the request key.

The Kadena client library exposes the following functions to use the /listen or /poll endpoint in different scenarios:

  • getStatus
  • pollStatus
  • listen
  • pollOne

These functions all return the result of a transaction with the following ICommandResult interface:

typescript
interface ICommandResult {  reqKey: string;  txId: number | null;  result:    | {        status: 'success';        data: PactValue;      }    | {        status: 'failure';        error: object;      };  gas: number;  logs: string | null;  // for defpact functions  continuation: null | {    pactId: PactTransactionHash;    step: Step;    stepCount: number;    executed: boolean | null;    stepHasRollback: boolean;    continuation: {      def: string;      args: PactValue;    };    yield: {      data: Array<[string, PactValue]>;      provenance: {          targetChainId: ChainId;          moduleHash: string;      } | null;    };  };  metaData: null | {    blockHash: string;    blockTime: number;    blockHeight: number;    prevBlockHash: string;    publicMeta?: IPactCommand['meta']  };  events: Array<{    name: string;    module: {      name: string;      namespace: string | null;    };    params: Array<PactValue>;    moduleHash: string;  }>;}
typescript
interface ICommandResult {  reqKey: string;  txId: number | null;  result:    | {        status: 'success';        data: PactValue;      }    | {        status: 'failure';        error: object;      };  gas: number;  logs: string | null;  // for defpact functions  continuation: null | {    pactId: PactTransactionHash;    step: Step;    stepCount: number;    executed: boolean | null;    stepHasRollback: boolean;    continuation: {      def: string;      args: PactValue;    };    yield: {      data: Array<[string, PactValue]>;      provenance: {          targetChainId: ChainId;          moduleHash: string;      } | null;    };  };  metaData: null | {    blockHash: string;    blockTime: number;    blockHeight: number;    prevBlockHash: string;    publicMeta?: IPactCommand['meta']  };  events: Array<{    name: string;    module: {      name: string;      namespace: string | null;    };    params: Array<PactValue>;    moduleHash: string;  }>;}

getStatus

This function calls /poll and returns the result of requests.

typescript
const { getStatus } = createClient(); getStatus(transactionDescriptor: TransactionDescriptor[] | ITransactionDescriptor): Promise<{    [requestKey: IBase64Url]: { [requestKey:string] ICommandResult};}>
typescript
const { getStatus } = createClient(); getStatus(transactionDescriptor: TransactionDescriptor[] | ITransactionDescriptor): Promise<{    [requestKey: IBase64Url]: { [requestKey:string] ICommandResult};}>
ParameterTypeDescription
transactionDescriptorTransactionDescriptor[list]One or more request keys to be queried

pollStatus

This function calls /poll in intervals and returns the result of all requests when all are ready.

typescript
const { pollStatus } = createClient(); pollStatus(  transactionDescriptor: TransactionDescriptor[] | ITransactionDescriptor,  pollOptions: {    onPoll?: (id: string) => void;    timeout?: Milliseconds;    interval?: Milliseconds;    confirmationDepth?: number;  }): IPollRequestPromise<{    [requestKey: IBase64Url]: { [requestKey:string] ICommandResult};}> interface IPollRequestPromise extends Promise {  [requestKey: IBase64Url]: Promise<ICommandResult>}
typescript
const { pollStatus } = createClient(); pollStatus(  transactionDescriptor: TransactionDescriptor[] | ITransactionDescriptor,  pollOptions: {    onPoll?: (id: string) => void;    timeout?: Milliseconds;    interval?: Milliseconds;    confirmationDepth?: number;  }): IPollRequestPromise<{    [requestKey: IBase64Url]: { [requestKey:string] ICommandResult};}> interface IPollRequestPromise extends Promise {  [requestKey: IBase64Url]: Promise<ICommandResult>}
ParameterTypeDescription
transactionDescriptorTransactionDescriptor[list]One or more request keys to be queried.
pollOptionsobjectOptional poll configuration settings.
onPollstringIdentifier for the callback that is called each time the node is polled for the status of a request key. This callback might be called several times if the request is not ready yet.
timeouttimeSpecifies a timeout in milliseconds to stop polling if the result is not ready. The default is 180000 milliseconds (3 minutes).
intervaltimeSpecifies the delay between retry attempts. The default is 5000 milliseconds (5 seconds).
confirmationDepthnumberSets the confirmationDepth for getting the response. This setting overrides the one you set in the createClient function.

Return value

The return value is a special type of promise that enables you to listen for each individual request through the requests property. Alternatively, you can await the result without using the requests property to handle most use cases.

Examples

Poll the status of a request:

typescript
const result = await pollStatus(request, {});
typescript
const result = await pollStatus(request, {});

Poll the status of several requests and get the result for each one immediately:

typescript
const resultPromise = pollStatus([firstRequest, secondRequest, thirdRequest]);// Notify the UI from the result of each request as soon as it's availableresultPromise.requests["first-request-key"].then(res => {UI.notify(res)});resultPromise.requests["second-request-key"].then(res => {UI.notify(res)});resultPromise.requests["third-request-key"].then(res => {UI.notify(res)});// The final result objectconst finalResult = await resultPromise;
typescript
const resultPromise = pollStatus([firstRequest, secondRequest, thirdRequest]);// Notify the UI from the result of each request as soon as it's availableresultPromise.requests["first-request-key"].then(res => {UI.notify(res)});resultPromise.requests["second-request-key"].then(res => {UI.notify(res)});resultPromise.requests["third-request-key"].then(res => {UI.notify(res)});// The final result objectconst finalResult = await resultPromise;

listen

listen is another function for fetching the result of one request. It uses the /listen endpoint, which is a blocking endpoint. Note: If your network or firewall configuration doesn't allow keeping HTTP connections open for a long time, then it's better to use pollOne which has the same interface but uses /poll under the hood.

typescript
const { listen } = createClient(); listen(transactionDescriptor: TransactionDescriptor[] | ITransactionDescriptor): Promise<ICommandResult>
typescript
const { listen } = createClient(); listen(transactionDescriptor: TransactionDescriptor[] | ITransactionDescriptor): Promise<ICommandResult>
ParameterTypeDescription
transactionDescriptorTransactionDescriptorThe request object including requestKey, networkId, and chainId.

pollOne

The pollOne function fetches the result of only one request using the /poll endpoint.

typescript
const { pollOne } = createClient(); pollOne(transactionDescriptor: TransactionDescriptor[] | ITransactionDescriptor): Promise<ICommandResult>
typescript
const { pollOne } = createClient(); pollOne(transactionDescriptor: TransactionDescriptor[] | ITransactionDescriptor): Promise<ICommandResult>
ParameterTypeDescription
transactionDescriptorTransactionDescriptorThe request object including requestKey, networkId, and chainId.

Reading data

Apart from transactions, you can also send read requests to the node. This mainly utilizes the /local endpoint. These kinds of requests return the result immediately since you don't need to submit data. You can also use these functions to validate your transaction before calling the /send endpoint to avoid transaction failure, as in some scenarios you need to pay gas even for failed transactions.

The following functions all use the /local endpoint:

  • local
  • dirtyRead
  • preflight
  • signatureVerification
  • runPact

local

The local function is the most generic function that utilizes the /local endpoint.

typescript
local(  transaction: ICommand | IUnsignedCommand,  options?: { preflight?: boolean; signatureVerification?: boolean; }): Promise<ICommandResult & { preflightWarnings?: string[] }>;
typescript
local(  transaction: ICommand | IUnsignedCommand,  options?: { preflight?: boolean; signatureVerification?: boolean; }): Promise<ICommandResult & { preflightWarnings?: string[] }>;

The return type is ICommandResult with preflightWarnings when it is set to true.

ParameterTypeDescription
transactionICommand or IUnsignedCommandThe signed or unsigned command object.
optionsobjectOptional configuration settings.
preflightbooleanRuns the code in the preflight mode to simulate submitting the transaction. You can also use this option to preview the estimated gas that the transaction would consume. The default is true.
signatureVerificationbooleanRuns the signature verification in the node for the transaction. The default is true.

Examples

Use a local call to avoid submitting an incorrect transaction:

typescript
// Check if the transaction and signatures are correctconst response = await client.local(signedTx); if (response.result.status === 'failure') {  // Throw if the transaction fails to avoid paying gas for a failed transaction  throw response.result.error;}const request = await client.submit(signedTx);
typescript
// Check if the transaction and signatures are correctconst response = await client.local(signedTx); if (response.result.status === 'failure') {  // Throw if the transaction fails to avoid paying gas for a failed transaction  throw response.result.error;}const request = await client.submit(signedTx);

Use local call for gas estimation:

typescript
// We don't need to send signatures to check gas estimation;const response = await client.local(unsignedTx, { preflight:true , signatureVerification: false }); if (response.result.status === 'failure') {  throw response.result.error;} const gasEstimation =  response.gas;
typescript
// We don't need to send signatures to check gas estimation;const response = await client.local(unsignedTx, { preflight:true , signatureVerification: false }); if (response.result.status === 'failure') {  throw response.result.error;} const gasEstimation =  response.gas;

dirtyRead

Alias for local where both preflight and signatureVerification are false. This function is useful when your code only needs to read data from the node.

typescript
dirtyRead(transaction: ICommand | IUnsignedCommand): Promise<ICommandResult>;
typescript
dirtyRead(transaction: ICommand | IUnsignedCommand): Promise<ICommandResult>;
ParameterTypeDescription
transactionICommand or IUnsignedCommandThe signed or unsigned command object

Examples

Get account balance

typescript
const tr = Pact.builder  .execution(Pact.modules.coin['get-balance'](account))  .setMeta({ chainId: '0' })  .setNetworkId("mainnet04")  .createTransaction(); // We don't need to submit a transaction for just reading data,// so instead we just read the value from the local data of the blockchain nodeconst res = await dirtyRead(tr); if (res.result.status === 'failure') {  throw res.result.error;} const balance = res.result.data;
typescript
const tr = Pact.builder  .execution(Pact.modules.coin['get-balance'](account))  .setMeta({ chainId: '0' })  .setNetworkId("mainnet04")  .createTransaction(); // We don't need to submit a transaction for just reading data,// so instead we just read the value from the local data of the blockchain nodeconst res = await dirtyRead(tr); if (res.result.status === 'failure') {  throw res.result.error;} const balance = res.result.data;

preflight

Alias for local where preflight is true but signatureVerification is false.

typescript
preflight(transaction: ICommand | IUnsignedCommand): Promise<ICommandResult>;
typescript
preflight(transaction: ICommand | IUnsignedCommand): Promise<ICommandResult>;
ParameterTypeDescription
transactionICommand or IUnsignedCommandThe signed or unsigned command object

signatureVerification

Alias for local where preflight is false but signatureVerification is true.

typescript
signatureVerification(transaction: ICommand | IUnsignedCommand): Promise<ICommandResult & { preflightWarnings?: string[] }>;
typescript
signatureVerification(transaction: ICommand | IUnsignedCommand): Promise<ICommandResult & { preflightWarnings?: string[] }>;
ParameterTypeDescription
transactionICommand or IUnsignedCommandThe signed or unsigned command object

runPact

If you just want to see the result of a pact code and don't want to create a command object, you can use the runPact function. This function creates a command object internally.

typescript
runPact(code: string, data?: Record<string, unknown>, options?: { chainId: ChainId; networkId: string }): Promise<ICommandResult>;
typescript
runPact(code: string, data?: Record<string, unknown>, options?: { chainId: ChainId; networkId: string }): Promise<ICommandResult>;
ParameterTypeDescription
codestringPact code
dataRecord<string, unknown>Data to be sent with the transaction
optionsobject
chainIdstringSpecifies the chain identifier that you want to send the transaction to. The valid values are "0" to "19".
networkIdstringSpecifies the network identifier that you want to send the transaction to.

Examples

typescript
const { runPact } = createClient() const result = await runPact(`(coin.getBalance "alice")`, { }, { networkId:"mainnet01", chainId:"1" }) 
typescript
const { runPact } = createClient() const result = await runPact(`(coin.getBalance "alice")`, { }, { networkId:"mainnet01", chainId:"1" }) 

Requesting simple payment verification (spv)

You need SPV proof mainly for cross-chain transactions - but it's not limited to this, and you can request SPV proof for all kinds of transactions.

There are two functions for this purpose, both of which use the /spv endpoint:

  • createSPV
  • pollCreateSPV

createSPV

Request SPV proof if it's ready.

typescript
createSpv(transactionDescriptor: ITransactionDescriptor, targetChainId: ChainId): Promise<string>;
typescript
createSpv(transactionDescriptor: ITransactionDescriptor, targetChainId: ChainId): Promise<string>;
ParameterTypeDescription
transactionDescriptorobjectSpecifies the request key, network identifier, and chain identifier for the transaction that you want to create a simple payment verification (spv) proof for.
targetChainIdstringSpecifies the chain identifier that consumes this proof.

pollCreateSPV

Poll for the SPV proof and await until it's ready.

typescript
pollCreateSpv(  transactionDescriptor: ITransactionDescriptor,  targetChainId: ChainId,  pollOptions?: { onPoll?: (id: string) => void; timeout?: Milliseconds; interval?: Milliseconds; }): Promise<string>;
typescript
pollCreateSpv(  transactionDescriptor: ITransactionDescriptor,  targetChainId: ChainId,  pollOptions?: { onPoll?: (id: string) => void; timeout?: Milliseconds; interval?: Milliseconds; }): Promise<string>;
ParameterTypeDescription
transactionDescriptorobjectSpecifies the request key, network identifier, and chain identifier for the transaction that you want to create a simple payment verification (spv) proof for.
targetChainIdstringSpecifies the chain identifier that consumes this proof.
pollOptionsobjectOptional poll configuration settings.
onPollstringIdentifier for the callback that is called each time the node is polled for the status of a request key. This callback might be called several times if the request is not ready yet.
timeouttimeSpecifies a timeout in milliseconds to stop polling if the result is not ready. The default is 180000 milliseconds (3 minutes).
intervaltimeSpecifies the delay between retry attempts. The default is 5000 milliseconds (5 seconds).

Examples

typescript
const request = await submit(crossChainTx)const response = await pollOne(request)// create spv proof for the transactionconst spvProof = await pollSpvProof(request) const continuationTx = Pact.builder.continuation({  pactId: response.continuation.pactId,  rollback: false,  step:1,  proof: spvProof}).addMeta({  chainId: targetChainId,  // using gas station for paying gas fee  senderAccount : 'kadena-xchain-gas'}).createTransaction() const contRequest = await submit(continuationTx)const finalResult = await pollOne(contRequest)
typescript
const request = await submit(crossChainTx)const response = await pollOne(request)// create spv proof for the transactionconst spvProof = await pollSpvProof(request) const continuationTx = Pact.builder.continuation({  pactId: response.continuation.pactId,  rollback: false,  step:1,  proof: spvProof}).addMeta({  chainId: targetChainId,  // using gas station for paying gas fee  senderAccount : 'kadena-xchain-gas'}).createTransaction() const contRequest = await submit(continuationTx)const finalResult = await pollOne(contRequest)

Functional programming to compose Pact commands

For additional flexibility, you can use the functional programming (FP) API to create Pact commands. The functional programming (FP) API supports the same functions as the command builder API. In fact, the command builder API uses the functional programming (FP) API under the hood. To reduce redundancy, this section lists the common functions with examples for using the composePactCommand function rather than repeating the full function descriptions and parameter tables.

Importing functions

To use the functional programming (FP) API, import functions from the @kadena/client/fp package. For example:

typescript
import { composePactCommand, execution } from '@kadena/client/fp';
typescript
import { composePactCommand, execution } from '@kadena/client/fp';

composePactCommand

The composePactCommand function let you compose parts of the Pact command and create the final command objects. The function accepts pure JSON as well as reducer functions. This function eventfully returns the IPartialPactCommand interface that is converted to a string for the cmd key in the JSON command object.

typescript
type CommandReducer = (cmd?: IPartialPactCommand | (() => IPartialPactCommand)) => IPartialPactCommand; composePactCommand(  ...reducersOrPartialCommands: Array<IPartialPactCommand | CommandReducer>  ): CommandReducer
typescript
type CommandReducer = (cmd?: IPartialPactCommand | (() => IPartialPactCommand)) => IPartialPactCommand; composePactCommand(  ...reducersOrPartialCommands: Array<IPartialPactCommand | CommandReducer>  ): CommandReducer

The return value is also a CommandReducer function that you can pass to another composePactCommand call. Eventually, when you call the function, it also adds the default values.

ParameterTypeDescription
...reducersOrPartialCommandsArray<IPartialPactCommandCommandReducer>

Examples

typescript
const pactCommand = composePactCommand(  { payload: { exec: { code: '(+ 1 1)' } } },  (cmd) => ({ ...cmd, meta: { chainId: '1' } }),  { networkId: 'testnet04' },)(); const pactCommand = {  payload: { exec: { code: '(+ 1 1)' } },  meta: {    gasLimit: 2500,    gasPrice: 1e-8,    sender: '',    ttl: 28800,    creationTime: 1690416000,    chainId: '1',  },  networkId: 'testnet04',  nonce: 'kjs:nonce:1690416000000',  signers: [],};
typescript
const pactCommand = composePactCommand(  { payload: { exec: { code: '(+ 1 1)' } } },  (cmd) => ({ ...cmd, meta: { chainId: '1' } }),  { networkId: 'testnet04' },)(); const pactCommand = {  payload: { exec: { code: '(+ 1 1)' } },  meta: {    gasLimit: 2500,    gasPrice: 1e-8,    sender: '',    ttl: 28800,    creationTime: 1690416000,    chainId: '1',  },  networkId: 'testnet04',  nonce: 'kjs:nonce:1690416000000',  signers: [],};

execution

To create IPactCommand.payload.exec.code:

typescript
execution(...codes): { payload: { exec : { code: string, data: {} } }}
typescript
execution(...codes): { payload: { exec : { code: string, data: {} } }}

For example, using strings:

typescript
const command: IPactCommand = composePactCommand(  execution(`(coin.transfer "alice" "bob" 1.1)`),)();
typescript
const command: IPactCommand = composePactCommand(  execution(`(coin.transfer "alice" "bob" 1.1)`),)();

For example, using Pact.modules:

typescript
const command: IPactCommand = composePactCommand(  execution(Pact.modules.coin.transfer('alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' })),)();
typescript
const command: IPactCommand = composePactCommand(  execution(Pact.modules.coin.transfer('alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' })),)();

continuation

To create IPactCommand.payload.cont:

typescript
continuation(contData: {  pactId?: string;  step?: number;  rollback?: boolean;  data?: Record<string, unknown>;  proof?: string | null;}): {  payload: {    cont: {      pactId?: string;      step?: number;      rollback?: boolean;      data?: Record<string, unknown>;      proof?: string | null;    };  };};
typescript
continuation(contData: {  pactId?: string;  step?: number;  rollback?: boolean;  data?: Record<string, unknown>;  proof?: string | null;}): {  payload: {    cont: {      pactId?: string;      step?: number;      rollback?: boolean;      data?: Record<string, unknown>;      proof?: string | null;    };  };};

For example:

typescript
const command: IPactCommand = composePactCommand(  continuation({    pactId,    rollback: false,    step:1,    proof: spvProof  }))()
typescript
const command: IPactCommand = composePactCommand(  continuation({    pactId,    rollback: false,    step:1,    proof: spvProof  }))()

addSigner

To add IPactCommand.signers:

typescript
addSigner(signerOrSignersList, capabilityCallback): CommandReducer;
typescript
addSigner(signerOrSignersList, capabilityCallback): CommandReducer;

For example, add a signer:

typescript
// ED25519 keyconst alicePublicKey =  'e7f4da07b1d200f6e45aa6492afed6819297a97563859a5f0df9c54f5abd4aab'; composePactCommand(  execution(Pact.modules.coin.transfer('alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' })),  addSigner(alicePublicKey, (signFor) => [    signFor('coin.TRANSFER', 'alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' }),  ]),);
typescript
// ED25519 keyconst alicePublicKey =  'e7f4da07b1d200f6e45aa6492afed6819297a97563859a5f0df9c54f5abd4aab'; composePactCommand(  execution(Pact.modules.coin.transfer('alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' })),  addSigner(alicePublicKey, (signFor) => [    signFor('coin.TRANSFER', 'alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' }),  ]),);

Add a signer with WebAuthn scheme:

typescript
composePactCommand(  execution(Pact.modules.coin.transfer('alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' })),  addSigner({ pubKey: webAuthnPublicKey, scheme: 'WebAuthn' }, (signFor) => [    signFor('coin.TRANSFER', 'alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' }),  ]),);
typescript
composePactCommand(  execution(Pact.modules.coin.transfer('alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' })),  addSigner({ pubKey: webAuthnPublicKey, scheme: 'WebAuthn' }, (signFor) => [    signFor('coin.TRANSFER', 'alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' }),  ]),);

Add a list of signers with no capabilities:

typescript
composePactCommand(  execution('(free.my-module.my-function)'),  addSigner([    'ED25519_publicKey',    { pubKey: 'WebAuthn_publicKey', scheme: 'WebAuthn' },  ]),);
typescript
composePactCommand(  execution('(free.my-module.my-function)'),  addSigner([    'ED25519_publicKey',    { pubKey: 'WebAuthn_publicKey', scheme: 'WebAuthn' },  ]),);

Add a list of signers with similar capabilities:

typescript
const pactCommand = composePactCommand(  execution(Pact.modules.coin.transfer('alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' })),  // e.g., Alice's account is guarded by two keys  addSigner(['first_publicKey', 'second_publicKey'], (signFor) => [    signFor('coin.TRANSFER', 'alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' }),  ]),)(); const equivalentPactCommand = {  payload: {    exec: {      code: '(coin.transfer "alice" "bob" 1.1 )',      data: {},    },  },  signers: [    {      pubKey: 'first_publicKey',      scheme: 'ED25519',      clist: [        { name: 'coin.TRANSFER', args: ['alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' }] },      ],    },    {      pubKey: 'second_publicKey',      scheme: 'ED25519',      clist: [        { name: 'coin.TRANSFER', args: ['alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' }] },      ],    },  ],};
typescript
const pactCommand = composePactCommand(  execution(Pact.modules.coin.transfer('alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' })),  // e.g., Alice's account is guarded by two keys  addSigner(['first_publicKey', 'second_publicKey'], (signFor) => [    signFor('coin.TRANSFER', 'alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' }),  ]),)(); const equivalentPactCommand = {  payload: {    exec: {      code: '(coin.transfer "alice" "bob" 1.1 )',      data: {},    },  },  signers: [    {      pubKey: 'first_publicKey',      scheme: 'ED25519',      clist: [        { name: 'coin.TRANSFER', args: ['alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' }] },      ],    },    {      pubKey: 'second_publicKey',      scheme: 'ED25519',      clist: [        { name: 'coin.TRANSFER', args: ['alice', 'bob', { decimal: '1.1' }] },      ],    },  ],};

addData

To add data to IPactCommand.payload.exec.data or IPactCommand.payload.cont.data:

typescript
addData(key, value): CommandReducer
typescript
addData(key, value): CommandReducer

For example, to transfer with parameters in data:

typescript
composePactCommand(  execution(    '(coin.transfer (read-string "sender") (read-string "receiver") 1.1)',  ),  addData('sender', sender),  addData('receiver', sender),);
typescript
composePactCommand(  execution(    '(coin.transfer (read-string "sender") (read-string "receiver") 1.1)',  ),  addData('sender', sender),  addData('receiver', sender),);

Send the receiver guard:

typescript
composePactCommand(  execution(    '(coin.transfer-create "alice" "bob" (read-keyset "bob-guard") 1.1)',  ),  addData('bob-guard', {    keys: ['bob-public-key'],    pred: 'keys-all',  }),);
typescript
composePactCommand(  execution(    '(coin.transfer-create "alice" "bob" (read-keyset "bob-guard") 1.1)',  ),  addData('bob-guard', {    keys: ['bob-public-key'],    pred: 'keys-all',  }),);

addKeyset

To add a keyset:

typescript
addKeyset(name, pred, ...keys): CommandReducer
typescript
addKeyset(name, pred, ...keys): CommandReducer

For example, to add a keyset using the readKeyset helper function:

typescript
composePactCommand(  execution(    Pact.modules.coin['transfer-create'](      'alice',      'bob',      readKeyset('bob-guard'),      { decimal: '1.1' },    ),  ),  addKeyset('bob-guard', 'keys-all', 'bob-public-key'),);
typescript
composePactCommand(  execution(    Pact.modules.coin['transfer-create'](      'alice',      'bob',      readKeyset('bob-guard'),      { decimal: '1.1' },    ),  ),  addKeyset('bob-guard', 'keys-all', 'bob-public-key'),);

setMeta

To add IPactCommand.meta metadata properties to a command:

typescript
setMeta(meta): CommandReducer
typescript
setMeta(meta): CommandReducer

For example:

typescript
composePactCommand(  execution('(coin.transfer "alice" "bob" 1.1)'),  // "bob is paying gas fee"  setMeta({ chainId: '02', senderAccount: 'bob' }),);
typescript
composePactCommand(  execution('(coin.transfer "alice" "bob" 1.1)'),  // "bob is paying gas fee"  setMeta({ chainId: '02', senderAccount: 'bob' }),);

etNonce

To manually set IPactCommand.nonce:

typescript
setNonce(nonce): { nonce: string };
typescript
setNonce(nonce): { nonce: string };

For example:

typescript
composePactCommand(  execution('(coin.transfer "alice" "bob" 1.1)'),  // "bob is paying gas fee"  setNonce('a-custom-nonce'),);
typescript
composePactCommand(  execution('(coin.transfer "alice" "bob" 1.1)'),  // "bob is paying gas fee"  setNonce('a-custom-nonce'),);

setNetworkId

To set IPactCommand.network:

typescript
setNetworkId(networkId): { networkId : string }
typescript
setNetworkId(networkId): { networkId : string }

For example:

typescript
composePactCommand(  execution('(coin.transfer "alice" "bob" 1.1)'),  // "bob is paying gas fee"  setNetworkId('testnet04'),);
typescript
composePactCommand(  execution('(coin.transfer "alice" "bob" 1.1)'),  // "bob is paying gas fee"  setNetworkId('testnet04'),);

createTransaction

To create the transaction object:

typescript