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Get started with Marmalade

As you learned in What is Marmalade?, Marmalade is the name of the Kadena token standard. The token standard defines the interfaces for minting digital items using a set of smart contracts and token policies. The Marmalade token standard enables you to define, mint, and secure tokens that are fully fungible coins, partially fungible in a limited edition, or completely non-fungible unique items. When you mint tokens using these interfaces, the Kadena blockchain infrastructure provides proof of authenticity and ownership by enabling you to commit on-chain transactions with low transaction fees. With Marmalade and the security and scalability of the Kadena network to handle the mechanics of the marketplace, you can focus on creating digital offerings, finding an audience, and generating revenue.

This tutorial demonstrates how you can create a non-fungible token using Marmalade and Chainweaver. Chainweaver is a graphical user interface that allows you to manage accounts, keys, and contracts when you want to interact with the Kadena blockchain. If you haven't used Chainweaver before, you'll want to start by creating a new wallet.

Before you begin

Before you start this tutorial, verify the following basic requirements:

  • You have an internet connection and a web browser installed on your local computer.

  • You have an account in the Chainweaver desktop or web application.

    If you followed the Quick start, you might already have a Chainweaver account. If you don't have an account yet, follow the instructions in Create an account wallet to create one.

  • You should have funds in an account on the Kadena test network. You can fund a new or existing account on the test network by accessing Developer Tools in a web browser.

Create a digital item

To get started, you must have a digital item of some type that's stored in a location that can be accessed using a uniform resource identifier (URI). You must also have a metadata file for the digital item with properties that describe the item using the JSON schema for token metadata.

In this tutorial, the digital item is a portable network graphic (.PNG) image that's stored in a local directory for testing purposes. The metadata file for this example only contains the required name and description properties and a path to the image.

For example:

{   "name": "My test token",   "description": "This is my local test token",   "image": "file:///Users/pistolas/scorebook.png"}
{   "name": "My test token",   "description": "This is my local test token",   "image": "file:///Users/pistolas/scorebook.png"}

For this tutorial, the metadata for the digital item is also a local file that's stored in the same directory, making file:///Users/pistolas/scorebook-nft.json the URI for the metadata that describes the digital item.

Authenticate and locate Marmalade contracts

To authenticate and locate Marmalade contracts:

  1. Open and unlock the Chainweaver desktop or web application.

  2. Select Testnet as the network to connect to the Kadena test network.

  3. Click Contracts in the Chainweaver navigation panel.

  4. On the right side of Contracts, click Module Explorer.

  5. Under Deployed Contracts, search for the marmalade-v2.util contract.

  6. Select the marmalade-v2.util-v1 contract, then click View.

    View the utilities contract
    View the utilities contract

    After you click View, you'll see a list of modules, functions, and capabilities that are used in the contract.

Mint your first token

For this tutorial, you'll create and mint a single NFT token using the mint-basic-NFT helper function defined in the marmalade-v2.util-v1 contract. This function simplifies the minting process by wrapping functions from the marmalade-v2.ledger contract and performing steps for you. The mint-basic-NFT function creates and mints the most basic type of non-fungible token with no configuration or token policies applied.

To create and mint a basic non-fungible token, you only need to provide the path to the uniform resource identifier (URI) that describes the token and an account guard for paying the transaction fee.

To mint a basic token with no policies:

  1. Under Functions, select mint-basic-NFT, then click Call.

  2. Set the required parameters by specifying the following information:

    uri: Type the uniform resource identifier (URI) for the off-chain location where you have stored the token metadata using the JSON schema. For this tutorial, the URI is file:///Users/pistolas/scorebook-nft.json for the metadata.

    guard: Specify the account guard to use for this transaction. For this tutorial, you can configure the keyset information as part of the transaction data, so you can use a read-keyset call to specify the account guard.

    For example, you can configure a guard with the name my-keyset that uses your public key to sign transactions and specify (read-keyset "my-keyset") for the guard parameter.

    Mint a basic token with the URI and guard
    Mint a basic token with the URI and guard

  3. Click Next.

  4. Review the General configuration settings to verify the destination network is Testnet.

  5. Select an account with funds on the Kadena test network as the Transaction Sender.

    Verify the destination network and select the Transaction Sender
    Verify the destination network and select the Transaction Sender

  6. Click Advanced, type my-keyset as the keyset name, then click Create.

  7. Select the public key to use for the my-keyset guard, then click Next.

    Create the keyset and select a public key
    Create the keyset and select a public key

  8. Select your public key under Unrestricted Signing, then click Next.

    The public key you select will sign the transaction and pay the transaction fee.

    Select the key for unrestricted signing
    Select the key for unrestricted signing

  9. Review the information on the Preview tab to verify the Raw Response is true, then click Submit to submit the transaction.

    Verify the raw response
    Verify the raw response

    If the raw response displays an error, click Back to fix the issue. For example, if the gas limit is set too low for a successful transaction, you might see a Gas limit (1000) exceeded error. Click Back to return to the configuration settings and adjust the gas limit accordingly.

    If there are no errors, you should see that your transaction has been submitted. For example:

    Transaction submitted to the blockchain
    Transaction submitted to the blockchain

Review your mint transaction

As you wait for the transaction to finish, you can copy the request key displayed in Chainweaver so you can view details about your transaction in the Kadena block explorer.

To review your transaction results:

  1. Copy the Request Key displayed in Chainweaver, then click Done.

  2. Select Request Key, then paste the key you copied from Chainweaver into the Search field.

  3. Review the transaction results and the events recorded for the mint transaction.

    For example, you should see that the transaction completed successfully:

    Mint transaction results
    Mint transaction results

    You should also see a set of events similar to the following:

    Events related to minting a non-fungible token
    Events related to minting a non-fungible token

    With these events, you know you have successfully minted your first NFT using the Marmalade standard on the Kadena test network.

Next steps

In this tutorial, you learned the most basic steps for creating and minting a token using the interfaces defined in the Marmalade token standard and a helper function from the marmalade-v2.util-v1 contract. However, both the digital item and its metadata are local files in this example and only accessible through the local file system, which isn't a realistic scenario for listing items for sale in a digital marketplace. In addition, the mint-basic-NFT function doesn't provide any policy configuration to prevent unauthorized minting and burning of tokens.

The marmalade-v2.util-v1 contract provides two additional helper functions to simplify minting tokens with policies to prevent unauthorized minting and burning of tokens.

  • The mint-NFT function enables you to mint a single non-fungible token with a creation-guard account to prevent unauthorized minting and burning of tokens and one or more additional token policies.
  • The create-token-with-mint-guard function enables you to create a token that can be minted more than once by a registered MINT-GUARD account.

The next steps to take—and whether you should use the helper functions or the underlying functions defined in the marmalade-v2.ledger contract—depend on what you are trying to accomplish and where you want to store your digital items and metadata.

To learn more about working with Marmalade smart contracts and token policies, see the following topics: